What/Who is a Non-Resident Indian (NRI)?
A non-resident Indian (NRI) is an Indian citizen or a person of Indian origin who stays abroad for employment, business or vocation outside India, or stays abroad under circumstances indicating an uncertain duration. This page is exclusively for NRI, who wants to know more about the for his/her investment in our country - INDIA.
There are a huge number of Indians who are working abroad or will go abroad one day and work there. Even you might go out of country one day and become an NRI, so here’s a very short, to the point guide for NRI investments.
We are detailing the most important NRI investment options and we’ll focus on four things only – Basic Banking Accounts, Insurance, Mutual FundsandShares. That’s all. The rules and information here are basic, but further study can be very detailed. Let’s quickly look at some important concepts every person should know.
The first step every NRI should take, is to get the correct Banking accounts opened. Here are the options:
What is a NRE account?
NRE Bank Account is an external savings bank account opened for Non resident Indians and hence called Non-Resident External account. Any money lying in NRE account can be taken outside the country or in other words, the money lying in an NRE account is fully repatriable. This money can be converted into any foreign currency and can be remitted outside the country. For opening these accounts, the funds are required to be remitted to India through any bank from the country of residence of the prospective account holder. The accounts may be maintained in any form e.g. savings, current, recurring or fixed deposit account etc.
What is a NRO account?
NRO bank account is an ordinary saving bank account opened for Non resident Indians. This is why it is known as Non-Resident Ordinary account. You open an NRO account, when you want to transfer money from your overseas bank account to Indian account in Indian Rupees. The money lying in NRO account cannot be taken outside the country or in other words, the money lying in NRO account isn’t repatriable. This is can be in form of Fixed Deposit accounts also.
What is FCNR account ?
A FCNR account is a Fixed Deposit account with maturities of minimum 1 yr to maximum 5 yrs of tenure. FCNR stands for Foreign Currency Non-Resident (Bank) Account. The money in this account is always maintained in foreign currency, so it does not carry a currency risk (your $10,000 is always worth $10,000). The money lying in a FCNR account can be taken outside the country (or in other words, it is repatriable). Deposits in these accounts can be made by remiting funds from abroad.